The most important step of the fruit garden plant is planting plant. Faults in the sapling plant lead to large losses. Points to be taken care of during the planting, planting time, planting and planting are briefly explained below.
Care should be taken when transporting saplings to a remote location. For the rooting of the seedlings, the roots must be tightly wrapped and protected against the wind and the sun. If the seedlings are not to be planted immediately, they should be tortured and never exposed to the sun. Because bare roots dry very quickly when exposed to sun and dry air. During the planting, the seedlings should not be left in the open, care should be taken to plant them immediately after they are removed from the trenches.
A GOOD COLLECTED PLANT
The saplings are planted in the fall until the beginning of the watering of the trees in the spring with fallen leaves. The best is to plant in the autumn when the winter is soft and early in the winter when the winter is harsh. The saplings should have been planted in their spring water at their places without water.
Planting in the autumn gives better results in arid regions as winter is not too hard. Because the wounds in the roots of seedlings planted in the fall are closed in the winter and are prepared to bring the absorbing roots to the square. They are less dangerous to dry because they will reach watering ability faster and more abundant than soil in the early spring.
Fruit seedlings are absolutely planted before planting. The aim of the planting pruning; to cut root parts that are damaged, oppressed, and broken during the dismantling of the seedlings from the root of their root, to remove the roots that are on top of each other. In accordance with the Buddha, some branches are reduced from the crown in order not to disturb the balance between the crown and the root of the tree. In this way, the eyes that are found on the ends of the branches and wake earlier will be cut off, which will delay the awakening of the tree and make it easier to take care of the tree.
The seedlings that have not been planted grow quickly in the spring with the help of nutrients collected in the body and eyes. But later the root starts to dry because the shoots and leaves can not meet the water need. For this reason, our farmers who did not do the planting trim, “It is unclear whether the seedlings will not be around the day” he says.
WARNING! … WE CAN NOT HAVE A LITTLE AND EFFICIENT TREE WHEN THEY ARE LESS THAN THE HOLDING CHANNELS OF THE NON-BREADING FACILITIES.
In the field where the fruit garden is to be established, the bottom of the plow should be broken first in the summer months and then the deep version must be made. In the autumn, the soil is prepared by pulling the disc harrow to break the loops, to distribute and to level the land.
The planting points of the seedlings should be opened at least two days before they are marked with piles. When the seedling pit is opened, put the processed soil in one side of the pit, and the bottom of the soil in the other side. The width of the pit depends on the treatment of the soil and the root development of the planting seedlings. The pits can be opened manually or mechanically. However, the soil should not be damp, it should be easy to disintegrate. In the heavy moist clayey soil that is opened by the twist, it forms a glass-like structure in the pit (this layer) should break before the planting because it prevents root distribution.
The seedlings must be used in order to ensure that the seedlings are planted upright and that the seeds are smooth.
A little top soil is placed inside the pit of the opening and then it is placed between the pegs of the planting pond. The seedlings are placed on the center of the planting board and the roots spread over the soil. When the sapling is being planted, the vaccine is kept 5 cm higher than the ground level. The vaccination point of the plant should look in the opposite direction of dominant wind direction. When the root of the seedling is filled until about halfway, the soil is compressed by pressing lightly with a light foot so that there are no air gaps between the roots. After the pit is completely filled, a small dish is formed. “Can Suyu” is given immediately in large quantities so that the soil is better placed around the roots. It is very important to give the seedlings life water.
The biggest problem in newly installed gardens is the lack of irregular irrigation and weed control. These two mistakes cause more growth retardation and sapling losses in the first two years than other factors.
PLEASE PLEASE SEE ALSO THEIR RULE! …
Before planting, long roots should be shortened to ensure balance in the roots, to be curled in the pit, and not to cause congestion.
Sewing should be done within a few days after opening the pits.
Potholes to be planted with fruit nursery should be 75 cm wide and 30 cm deep.
The graft should be planted 4-5 cm above the soil surface.
During planting, the roots should be near the soil. In other words, the soil should be compressed by pressing slightly with the foot.
At the time of planting, burned farm grains can be given around the roots. However, excessive application can be harmful.
Watering after the planting helps the roots get through the essentials more quickly with the necessary nutrients.